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UN sounds alarm over escalating tensions between DRC and Rwanda

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In a recent report, the United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres expressed deep concern over the growing risk of a “direct confrontation” between the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Rwanda. Tensions have been escalating between the two neighboring countries, with their strained relationship dating back to the resurgence of the M23 rebellion in eastern Congo towards the end of 2021.

The risk of a potential “direct confrontation” was highlighted by Guterres in his comprehensive report on the ongoing situation in the DRC. The report comes amid increasing worries about the deteriorating security and humanitarian conditions in the region.

“The risk of a direct confrontation between the DRC and Rwanda, who continue to accuse each other, is very real,” noted the UN’s special envoy to the region, emphasizing that over the past six months, there has been no discernible improvement in the security or humanitarian situation – quite the opposite.

The situation in the region has become increasingly concerning due to several key factors. “The military reinforcement” of both the DRC and Rwanda, the absence of a direct high-level dialogue, and the persistent use of hate speech are all alarming signals that cannot be ignored, according to the UN.

The resurgence of the M23 rebellion in eastern Congo late last year ignited tensions between the DRC and Rwanda, with both countries trading accusations. This ongoing conflict, fueled by ethnic, political, and resource-related issues, has led to significant displacements of people and severe humanitarian challenges.

The United Nations has been actively engaged in efforts to mediate and defuse the escalating tensions between the DRC and Rwanda. However, despite these diplomatic efforts, the situation remains precarious, and the risk of a direct confrontation remains a serious concern.

Efforts to foster high-level dialogue and de-escalate the situation are now more critical than ever. The international community, led by the United Nations, is closely monitoring the developments in the region and seeking to find a peaceful resolution to prevent further instability and conflict.

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